On Venetian Campi Resilience to Climate Change
Authors: B Gherri (1), D Maiullari (2), C Finizza (1), M Maretto (1) and E Naboni (1), (3)
- Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
- Department of Urbanism, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
- Schools of Architecture, Design, and Conservation, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Denmark
Venice is known for its history and beauty and its fragility and potential demise. The city is experiencing an increase in yearly average temperatures affecting outdoor – indoor comfort and average energy expenditure. Owing to existing literature demonstrating how local microclimate depends on urban density, shape, and orientation of buildings and materials, the work studies the influence of changing Venice temperatures by targeting such issues, focusing on an urban fabric typical form, known as Campi. Based on IPCC’s future weather predictions for 2050 scenario A1B,the work highlights how the urban fabric configuration affects the local microclimate and outdoor conditions to define how buildings will mitigate and adapt to environmental transitions. The method couples microclimate and outdoor comfort users’ perception of Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET), via ENVI-met. Preliminary results show that the compactness of the urban fabric in Venetian Campi significantly reduces outdoor temperatures due to the increased density of shadow areas in the courtyard or in narrow Venice streets. The role of water is also simulated via ENVI-met, as buildings’ materials and indoor energy consumption are assumed as invariant to evaluate the historic urban fabric climate resilience. The results constitute a first step towards understanding to what extent a particular urban fabric type is thermally resilient.
Keywords: Venice; Microclimate; Climate Change; Urban Form; Outdoor Liveability.